2022 Midterm Election Calendar

The scheduled date for each state’s 2022 primary election† is listed on this page. 46 states hold traditional single party contests. In nine of those states, some races may require a runoff election to be decided. A tenth state, Maine, uses a ranked choice voting tabulation, where necessary. Nominated candidates meet in the November 8 general election.

In the four remaining states, all candidates from all parties appear on a single ballot. The top two finishers in California and Washington advance to the general election, while in Alaska the top four advance. The Alaska system is being used for the first time, after being approved by voters in a 2020 referendum. Louisiana has a hybrid system, with no nominees determined prior to a November 8 all-party primary. A candidate can win an election that day by getting a majority of the vote, otherwise there is a top two runoff.

Texas kicks off the 2022 primary calendar on Tuesday, March 1, with North Carolina the following Tuesday. After that, things pick up again in May, with 11 states holding primaries. June (18 states) and August (16) are the busiest months. As each primary is held, a link will be available to live election results.

Date State Elections
March 1
Texas
D
R
Primaries1
March 8
North Carolina
D
R
Primaries2
April 26
North Carolina
D
R
Runoffs2
May 3
Indiana
D
R
Primaries
Ohio
D
R
Primaries
May 10
Nebraska
D
R
Primaries
West Virginia
D
R
Primaries
May 17
Kentucky
D
R
Primaries
Oregon
D
R
Primaries
Pennsylvania
D
R
Primaries
May 19
Idaho
D
R
Primaries
May 24
Alabama
D
R
Primaries1
Arkansas
D
R
Primaries1
Georgia
D
R
Primaries1
Texas
D
R
Runoffs1
June 7
California
ALL
Top 2 Primaries
Iowa
D
R
Primaries
Mississippi
D
R
Primaries1
Montana
D
R
Primaries
New Jersey
D
R
Primaries
New Mexico
D
R
Primaries
South Dakota
D
R
Primaries3
June 14
Maine
D
R
Primaries5
Nevada
D
R
Primaries
North Dakota
D
R
Primaries
South Carolina
D
R
Primaries1
June 21
Arkansas
D
R
Runoffs1
Georgia
D
R
Runoffs1
Virginia
D
R
Primaries
June 28
Colorado
D
R
Primaries
Illinois
D
R
Primaries
Maryland
D
R
Primaries
Mississippi
D
R
Runoffs1
New York
D
R
Primaries
Oklahoma
D
R
Primaries1
South Carolina
D
R
Runoffs1
Utah
D
R
Primaries
July 26
Alabama
D
R
Runoffs1
August 2
Arizona
D
R
Primaries
Kansas
D
R
Primaries
Michigan
D
R
Primaries
Missouri
D
R
Primaries
Washington
ALL
Top 2 Primaries
August 4
Tennessee
D
R
Primaries
August 9
Connecticut
D
R
Primaries
Minnesota
D
R
Primaries
Vermont
D
R
Primaries
Wisconsin
D
R
Primaries
August 13
Hawaii
D
R
Primaries
August 16
Alaska
ALL
Top 4 Primaries
South Dakota
D
R
Runoffs3
Wyoming
D
R
Primaries
August 23
Florida
D
R
Primaries
Oklahoma
D
R
Runoffs1
September 13
Delaware
D
R
Primaries
New Hampshire
D
R
Primaries
Rhode Island
D
R
Primaries
September 20
Massachusetts
D
R
Primaries
November 8
Louisiana
ALL
Hybrid Primaries4
National
ALL
General Election
December 10
Louisiana
ALL
Runoffs4
Date State Elections
March 1
Texas
D
R
Primaries1
March 8
North Carolina
D
R
Primaries2
April 26
North Carolina
D
R
Runoffs2
May 3
Indiana
D
R
Primaries
Ohio
D
R
Primaries
May 10
Nebraska
D
R
Primaries
West Virginia
D
R
Primaries
May 17
Kentucky
D
R
Primaries
Oregon
D
R
Primaries
Pennsylvania
D
R
Primaries
May 19
Idaho
D
R
Primaries
May 24
Alabama
D
R
Primaries1
Arkansas
D
R
Primaries1
Georgia
D
R
Primaries1
Texas
D
R
Runoffs1
June 7
California
ALL
Top 2 Primaries
Iowa
D
R
Primaries
Mississippi
D
R
Primaries1
Montana
D
R
Primaries
New Jersey
D
R
Primaries
New Mexico
D
R
Primaries
South Dakota
D
R
Primaries3
June 14
Maine
D
R
Primaries5
Nevada
D
R
Primaries
North Dakota
D
R
Primaries
South Carolina
D
R
Primaries1
June 21
Arkansas
D
R
Runoffs1
Georgia
D
R
Runoffs1
Virginia
D
R
Primaries
June 28
Colorado
D
R
Primaries
Illinois
D
R
Primaries
Maryland
D
R
Primaries
Mississippi
D
R
Runoffs1
New York
D
R
Primaries
Oklahoma
D
R
Primaries1
South Carolina
D
R
Runoffs1
Utah
D
R
Primaries
July 26
Alabama
D
R
Runoffs1
August 2
Arizona
D
R
Primaries
Kansas
D
R
Primaries
Michigan
D
R
Primaries
Missouri
D
R
Primaries
Washington
ALL
Top 2 Primaries
August 4
Tennessee
D
R
Primaries
August 9
Connecticut
D
R
Primaries
Minnesota
D
R
Primaries
Vermont
D
R
Primaries
Wisconsin
D
R
Primaries
August 13
Hawaii
D
R
Primaries
August 16
Alaska
ALL
Top 4 Primaries
South Dakota
D
R
Runoffs3
Wyoming
D
R
Primaries
August 23
Florida
D
R
Primaries
Oklahoma
D
R
Runoffs1
September 13
Delaware
D
R
Primaries
New Hampshire
D
R
Primaries
Rhode Island
D
R
Primaries
September 20
Massachusetts
D
R
Primaries
November 8
Louisiana
ALL
Hybrid Primaries4
National
ALL
General Election
December 10
Louisiana
ALL
Runoffs4
Date State Elections
March 1
Texas
D
R
Primaries1
March 8
North Carolina
D
R
Primaries2
April 26
North Carolina
D
R
Runoffs2
May 3
Indiana
D
R
Primaries
Ohio
D
R
Primaries
May 10
Nebraska
D
R
Primaries
West Virginia
D
R
Primaries
May 17
Kentucky
D
R
Primaries
Oregon
D
R
Primaries
Pennsylvania
D
R
Primaries
May 19
Idaho
D
R
Primaries
May 24
Alabama
D
R
Primaries1
Arkansas
D
R
Primaries1
Georgia
D
R
Primaries1
Texas
D
R
Runoffs1
June 7
California
ALL
Top 2 Primaries
Iowa
D
R
Primaries
Mississippi
D
R
Primaries1
Montana
D
R
Primaries
New Jersey
D
R
Primaries
New Mexico
D
R
Primaries
South Dakota
D
R
Primaries3
June 14
Maine
D
R
Primaries5
Nevada
D
R
Primaries
North Dakota
D
R
Primaries
South Carolina
D
R
Primaries1
June 21
Arkansas
D
R
Runoffs1
Georgia
D
R
Runoffs1
Virginia
D
R
Primaries
June 28
Colorado
D
R
Primaries
Illinois
D
R
Primaries
Maryland
D
R
Primaries
Mississippi
D
R
Runoffs1
New York
D
R
Primaries
Oklahoma
D
R
Primaries1
South Carolina
D
R
Runoffs1
Utah
D
R
Primaries
July 26
Alabama
D
R
Runoffs1
August 2
Arizona
D
R
Primaries
Kansas
D
R
Primaries
Michigan
D
R
Primaries
Missouri
D
R
Primaries
Washington
ALL
Top 2 Primaries
August 4
Tennessee
D
R
Primaries
August 9
Connecticut
D
R
Primaries
Minnesota
D
R
Primaries
Vermont
D
R
Primaries
Wisconsin
D
R
Primaries
August 13
Hawaii
D
R
Primaries
August 16
Alaska
ALL
Top 4 Primaries
South Dakota
D
R
Runoffs3
Wyoming
D
R
Primaries
August 23
Florida
D
R
Primaries
Oklahoma
D
R
Runoffs1
September 13
Delaware
D
R
Primaries
New Hampshire
D
R
Primaries
Rhode Island
D
R
Primaries
September 20
Massachusetts
D
R
Primaries
November 8
Louisiana
ALL
Hybrid Primaries4
National
ALL
General Election
December 10
Louisiana
ALL
Runoffs4
This includes elections for U.S. House, as well as U.S. Senate and governor, where applicable. It will also include primaries for legislature in most states. Primaries for municipal elections (e.g., mayor) and special elections may occur on other dates and are not reflected on this calendar.

Runoffs Elections: Some states require a runoff between the top two finishers in a primary election where no candidate achieves a required threshold:

1 AL, AR, GA, MS, OK, SC, TX: A majority of the vote.
2 North Carolina: 30% of the vote and only if requested by 2nd place finisher.
3 South Dakota: More than 35% of the vote. Applies to congressional and gubernatorial primaries only.
4 Louisiana: A majority of the vote. Where a runoff is not needed, the winner of the all-party primary is elected.

5 Ranked Choice Voting is used in Maine primaries. Voters rank candidates on the ballot in order of preference. If no candidate receives a majority of the vote, an automated tabulation is conducted - using these preferences - to determine a majority winner. It is sometimes called an instant runoff in that a separate election is not needed. See this video for a fuller explanation.

Here is a 2022 calendar with event dates highlighted.