Texas

Texas became a state in December 1845, participating in its first presidential election in 1848. Texas seceded from the Union in 1861 and was not included in the 1864 or 1868 elections. From 1872 through 1976, Texas went Democratic in the vast majority of elections. However, that changed in 1980, and Texas has sided with the Republicans ever since. Having a Bush on the ticket each election from 1980 through 2004 (except 1996) helped make Texas a reliably “red” state. In 2020, Donald Trump won the state by 6.5% over Joe Biden, the narrowest margin since 1996.

Texas’ population has grown rapidly in recent decades, and it has added two or more electoral votes in each Census since 1980. The 2020 Census population of 29.1 million was up four million from 2010. No state had a larger numeric increase in the past decade. The state's 40 electoral votes are second only to California’s 54. This large electoral prize, coupled with shifting demographics, will likely make Texas a major battleground in upcoming presidential elections.

ELECTORAL VOTES

38
2020
40
2024

2020 ELECTION

Trump Wins
2020 Texas Polls

Recent Presidential Elections

2020
46.5% 52.1%
2016
43.2% 52.2%
2012
41.4% 57.2%
2008
43.7% 55.5%
2004
38.2% 61.1%
2000
38.0% 59.3%
Show:

Presidential Voting History

State voted with the overall winning candidate

1976
D
1980
R
1984
R
1988
R
1992
R
1996
R
2000
R
2004
R
2008
R
2012
R
2016
R
2020
R

Electoral College Votes

Democratic
Republican

Colored bars represent electoral votes by party. Hover to see names.

Gray indicates available electoral votes that were either not cast or cast for a candidate not on the ballot.

An empty column indicates the state did not participate in that election.

U.S. Senate Voting History

  Class 1984198619881990199219941996199820002002200420062008201020122014201620182020
1
D
R
R
R
R
R
2
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
3

Data: MIT Election Data and Science Lab / Harvard Dataverse. These are general election results for the years listed.

There are three classes of Senators; one is up for election every second year. Each state has one Senator in two of the three classes.

U.S. House Voting History

District1984198619881990199219941996199820002002200420062008201020122014201620182020
1
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
2
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
3
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
4
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
5
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
6
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
7
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
D
D
8
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
9
D
D
D
D
D
R
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
10
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
11
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
12
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
13
R
R
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
14
R
R
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
15
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
16
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
17
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
18
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
19
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
20
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
21
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
22
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
23
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
D
D
R
D
R
R
R
R
24
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
25
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
26
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
27
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
28
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
29
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
30
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
31
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
32
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
D
D
33
D
D
D
D
D
34
D
D
D
D
D
35
D
D
D
D
D
36
R
R
R
R
R

Data: The Princeton Gerrymandering Project. These are general election results for the years listed.

Vertical lines before 1992, 2002 and 2012 show Census-related redistricting breakpoints. Geographic borders associated with district numbers may have changed.

The state had an additional redistricting before 1996, 2004, 2006 and 2008. Same caution about borders applies.

Governor Voting History

1974
D
1978
R
1982
D
1986
R
1990
D
1994
R
1998
R
2002
R
2006
R
2010
R
2014
R
2018
R

Data: Wikipedia. These are general election results for the years listed.