Texas

Texas became a state in December 1845, participating in its first presidential election in 1848. Texas seceded from the Union in 1861 and was not included in the 1864 or 1868 elections. From 1872 through 1976, Texas went Democratic in the vast majority of elections. However, that changed in 1980, and Texas has sided with the Republicans ever since. Having a Bush on the ticket each election from 1980 through 2004 (except 1996) helped make Texas a reliably “red” state. In 2016, Donald Trump won the state by a margin of 52 percent to 43 percent over Hillary Clinton. Two of the state's Electors were faithless that year, one each voting for Ron Paul and John Kasich.

Texas’ population has grown rapidly in recent decades, and its 38 electoral votes are second only to California’s 55. The state gained four of these votes after the 2010 Census, and is on track to gain another three after the 2020 Census, giving it 41 beginning with the 2024 presidential election. If demographic trends (e.g., continued rapid growth of Latino population) make the state even remotely competitive, Texas will be one of the major battlegrounds of the next decade.

ELECTORAL VOTES

38

2020 ELECTION

Leans Trump
2020 Texas Polls

Recent Presidential Elections

2016
43.2% 52.2%
2012
41.4% 57.2%
2008
43.7% 55.5%
2004
38.2% 61.1%
2000
38.0% 59.3%

Presidential Voting History

State voted with the overall winning candidate

1972
R
1976
D
1980
R
1984
R
1988
R
1992
R
1996
R
2000
R
2004
R
2008
R
2012
R
2016
R

Electoral College Votes

Democratic
Republican

Colored bars represent electoral votes by party. Hover to see names. 2020 electoral votes shown in dark green until after the election.

Gray indicates available electoral votes that were either not cast or cast for a candidate not on the ballot.

An empty column indicates the state did not participate in that election.

U.S. Senate Voting History

  Class 1982198419861988199019921994199619982000200220042006200820102012201420162018
1
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
2
R
R
R
R
R
R
3

Data: MIT Election Data and Science Lab / Harvard Dataverse. These are general election results for the years listed.

There are three classes of Senators; one is up for election every second year. Each state has one Senator in two of the three classes.

U.S. House Voting History

District1982198419861988199019921994199619982000200220042006200820102012201420162018
1
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
2
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
3
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
4
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
5
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
6
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
7
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
D
8
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
9
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
10
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
11
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
12
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
13
D
R
R
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
14
D
R
R
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
15
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
16
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
17
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
18
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
19
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
20
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
21
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
22
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
23
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
D
D
R
D
R
R
R
24
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
25
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
26
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
27
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
28
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
29
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
30
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
31
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
32
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
D
33
D
D
D
D
34
D
D
D
D
35
D
D
D
D
36
R
R
R
R

Data: The Princeton Gerrymandering Project. These are general election results for the years listed.

Vertical lines before 1992, 2002 and 2012 show Census-related redistricting breakpoints. Geographic borders associated with district numbers may have changed.

The state had an additional redistricting before 1984, 1996, 2004 and 2006. Same caution about borders applies.

Governor Voting History

1974
D
1978
R
1982
D
1986
R
1990
D
1994
R
1998
R
2002
R
2006
R
2010
R
2014
R
2018
R

Data: Wikipedia. These are general election results for the years listed.