Virginia

Virginia, one of the original 13 colonies and birthplace of four of the first five U.S. presidents, joined the Union in June 1788. In 1792, Virginia controlled 15.9% of all electoral votes, the largest concentration in U.S. history. The Commonwealth did not participate in the 1864 and 1868 elections due to secession. From the post-Civil War Reconstruction period through 1948, Virginians almost always sided with the Democratic Party in elections. However, from 1952 through 2004, Virginia was reliably Republican (except for the landslide of Lyndon Johnson over Barry Goldwater in 1964). What changed? In the early 1950s, Virginia politics was controlled by Democratic Senator Harry F. Byrd, Sr., and his political machine. For the 1952 cycle, Byrd announced he would not be endorsing a candidate, saying “Silence is Golden.” People knew this meant that it would be okay to vote for the Republican Dwight Eisenhower.

Shifting demographics, including more rapid population growth around Washington D.C., have made the state a battleground in recent elections, perhaps one that now leans Democratic again. Barack Obama won here twice and Hillary Clinton made it three in a row for Democrats, winning by about 5.5% over Donald Trump in 2016.

ELECTORAL VOTES

13

2020 ELECTION

Likely Biden
2020 Virginia Polls

Recent Presidential Elections

2016
49.8% 44.4%
2012
51.2% 47.3%
2008
52.6% 46.3%
2004
45.6% 53.8%
2000
44.4% 52.5%

Presidential Voting History

State voted with the overall winning candidate

1972
R
1976
R
1980
R
1984
R
1988
R
1992
R
1996
R
2000
R
2004
R
2008
D
2012
D
2016
D

Electoral College Votes

Federalist
Democratic-Republican
Democratic
Constitutional Union
Republican

Colored bars represent electoral votes by party. Hover to see names. 2020 electoral votes shown in dark green until after the election.

Gray indicates available electoral votes that were either not cast or cast for a candidate not on the ballot.

An empty column indicates the state did not participate in that election.

U.S. Senate Voting History

  Class 1982198419861988199019921994199619982000200220042006200820102012201420162018
1
R
D
D
R
D
D
D
2
R
R
R
R
D
D
3

Data: MIT Election Data and Science Lab / Harvard Dataverse. These are general election results for the years listed.

There are three classes of Senators; one is up for election every second year. Each state has one Senator in two of the three classes.

U.S. House Voting History

District1982198419861988199019921994199619982000200220042006200820102012201420162018
1
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
2
R
R
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
D
R
R
R
R
D
3
R
R
R
R
R
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
4
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
D
D
5
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
D
R
R
R
R
R
6
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
7
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
D
8
R
R
R
R
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
9
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
10
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
D
11
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
D
D
D
D
D
D

Data: The Princeton Gerrymandering Project. These are general election results for the years listed.

Vertical lines before 1992, 2002 and 2012 show Census-related redistricting breakpoints. Geographic borders associated with district numbers may have changed.

The state had an additional redistricting before 1998 and 2016. Same caution about borders applies.

Governor Voting History

1973
R
1977
R
1981
D
1985
D
1989
D
1993
R
1997
R
2001
D
2005
D
2009
R
2013
D
2017
D

Data: Wikipedia. These are general election results for the years listed.