West Virginia

West Virginia, which seceded from Virginia (which itself had seceded from the Union) during the Civil War, became its own state in June 1863. It and Nevada were the only states admitted during the War, although Kansas became a state in early 1861, just a couple months before the hostilities began. The state has shifted several times between supporting the Democratic or Republican party in its history, with each shift tending to last a generation or more. Primarily Republican from 1900 until the Great Depression, the state was then reliably Democratic, with few exceptions through Bill Clinton's 2nd election in 1996. Since then, the state has become solidly Republican, with that party winning by an increasing margin in each election from 2000 through 2016. In the most recent election, Donald Trump's populist message deeply resonated with voters in a state that is struggling economically. Trump defeated Hillary Clinton by over 42%, his 2nd largest margin of victory, behind only Wyoming.

The state has been growing more slowly than the country for more than 50 years; its electoral vote total has dropped from 8 in 1960 to 5 today. If trends continue, it will lose an additional electoral vote after the 2020 presidential election.

ELECTORAL VOTES

5

2020 ELECTION

Recent Presidential Elections

2016
26.5% 68.6%
2012
35.5% 62.3%
2008
42.6% 55.7%
2004
43.2% 56.1%
2000
45.6% 51.9%

Presidential Voting History

State voted with the overall winning candidate

1972
R
1976
D
1980
D
1984
R
1988
D
1992
D
1996
D
2000
R
2004
R
2008
R
2012
R
2016
R

Electoral College Votes

Republican
Democratic

Colored bars represent electoral votes by party. Hover to see names. 2020 electoral votes shown in dark green until after the election.

Gray indicates available electoral votes that were either not cast or cast for a candidate not on the ballot.

U.S. Senate Voting History

  Class 1982198419861988199019921994199619982000200220042006200820102012201420162018
1
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
2
D
D
D
D
D
R
3

Data: MIT Election Data and Science Lab / Harvard Dataverse. These are general election results for the years listed.

There are three classes of Senators; one is up for election every second year. Each state has one Senator in two of the three classes.

U.S. House Voting History

District1982198419861988199019921994199619982000200220042006200820102012201420162018
1
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
2
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
3
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
R
R
R
4
D
D
D
D
D

Data: The Princeton Gerrymandering Project. These are general election results for the years listed.

Vertical lines before 1992, 2002 and 2012 show Census-related redistricting breakpoints. Geographic borders associated with district numbers may have changed.

Governor Voting History

1972
R
1976
D
1980
D
1984
R
1988
D
1992
D
1996
R
2000
D
2004
D
2008
D
2012
D
2016
D

Data: Wikipedia. These are general election results for the years listed.