Rhode Island

Rhode Island was the last of the 13 original colonies to ratify the Constitution, entering the Union in May 1790. The state has been reliably Democratic since 1928, only voting Republican four times – twice for Eisenhower in 1952 and 1956, for Nixon in 1972, and for Reagan in 1984, when he won every state except Minnesota. In 2016, Hillary Clinton defeated Donald Trump by about 15.5%. While the state was by no means competitive, this was the closest Democratic margin here since 1988.

The Ocean State has had four electoral votes since it first participated in 1792, except for the 1910s and 1920s when it had five. That makes it the 2nd most over-represented state in the electoral college, with one vote per 263,142 residents. The national average is more than double that, at 573,876. It also has the most electoral votes proportional to size - one for every 303 square miles. Population trends indicate the state could lose one of its electoral votes after the next presidential election. This would leave the state with a single congressional district for the first time ever. There have been only three other instances (Montana, South Dakota and Vermont) of a state moving to a single district after previously having two or more.

ELECTORAL VOTES

4

2020 ELECTION

Recent Presidential Elections

2016
54.4% 38.9%
2012
62.7% 35.2%
2008
63.1% 35.2%
2004
59.4% 38.7%
2000
61.0% 31.9%

Presidential Voting History

State voted with the overall winning candidate

1972
R
1976
D
1980
D
1984
R
1988
D
1992
D
1996
D
2000
D
2004
D
2008
D
2012
D
2016
D

Electoral College Votes

Federalist
Democratic-Republican
National Republican
Democratic
Whig
Republican

Colored bars represent electoral votes by party. Hover to see names. 2020 electoral votes shown in dark green until after the election.

An empty column indicates the state did not participate in that election.

U.S. Senate Voting History

  Class 1982198419861988199019921994199619982000200220042006200820102012201420162018
1
R
R
R
R
D
D
D
2
D
D
D
D
D
D
3

Data: MIT Election Data and Science Lab / Harvard Dataverse. These are general election results for the years listed.

There are three classes of Senators; one is up for election every second year. Each state has one Senator in two of the three classes.

U.S. House Voting History

District1982198419861988199019921994199619982000200220042006200820102012201420162018
1
D
D
D
R
R
R
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
2
R
R
R
R
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D

Data: The Princeton Gerrymandering Project. These are general election results for the years listed.

Vertical lines before 1992, 2002 and 2012 show Census-related redistricting breakpoints. Geographic borders associated with district numbers may have changed.

Governor Voting History

1984
R
1986
R
1988
R
1990
D
1992
D
1994
R
1998
R
2002
R
2006
R
2010
I
2014
D
2018
D

Data: Wikipedia. These are general election results for the years listed.