|2012 POLLS (Obama vs. Romney)|
2010 Census Reapportionment: Iowa lost one electoral vote, giving it 6 through the 2020 presidential election. This is the first change for Iowa since the 1990 Census.
Iowa gained statehood in December 1846. It currently is a battleground state that leans Democratic in presidential races, having voted that way in 5 of the last 6 elections. Barack Obama defeated Mitt Romney by 52% to 46% in 2012. However, prior to 1988, the state mostly voted Republican, choosing a candidate from that party all but five times from the Civil War years through that year. After peaking at 13 from the 1880s through 1920s, Iowa gradually lost electoral clout as the state’s population growth slowed relative to the rest of the country. However, the closeness of the general election vote and the importance of its caucuses, which kick off the nominating process every election cycle, give the citizens of Iowa outsized influence on who ultimately gets elected president.