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Who Controls the Senate in a 50-50 Tie? 

Article I, Section 3 of the Constitution specifies that The Vice President is the President of the Senate. The Vice President has no vote unless to break a tie in some matter before the Senate. 

Therefore, if the election leads to a 50-50 party split in the Senate, the Vice-President's vote will give the majority to his or her party. 

Republicans currently control 45 Senate seats, Democrats 53, with 2 independents caucusing as Democrats. Since Democratic Vice-President Joe Biden will break any ties, Republicans must gain at least 6 seats, for a minimum of 51 total, to take control of the Senate next January.    


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