|2012 POLLS (Obama vs. Romney)|
2010 Census Reapportionment: Michigan was the only state to lose population in the 2010 Census. It lost one electoral vote, giving it 16 through the 2020 presidential election. This is the 4th consecutive Census where Michigan has lost at least one electoral vote.
Michigan joined the Union in January 1837. The state voted primarily Republican in presidential elections until the Great Depression. From the 1930s through the 1960s, the state alternated periodically between the two parties. From 1972 through 1988 the state voted exclusively Republican, before becoming the Democratic-leaning state it is today. In 2012, Barack Obama defeated Mitt Romney by a 54% to 45% margin. The state has experienced significant economic turmoil since the 1970s and has seen slow population growth relative to the rest of the country. This has resulted in a loss of electoral votes, from 21 in the 1970s to 16 in 2012.