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1824 Presidential Election

1824 Election Results
 Candidate Party Electoral Votes Popular Votes
  Andrew Jackson Democratic-Republican 99 153,544
  John Quincy Adams Democratic-Republican 84 108,740
  William H. Crawford Democratic-Republican 41 40,856
  Henry Clay Democratic-Republican 37 47,531
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 For states colored purple, see 1824 Election Facts for details
In the United States presidential election of 1824, John Quincy Adams was elected President on February 9, 1825, after the election was decided by the House of Representatives. The previous few years had seen a one-party government in the United States, as the Federalist Party had dissolved, leaving only the Democratic-Republican Party. In this election, the Democratic-Republican Party splintered as four separate candidates sought the presidency. Such splintering had not yet led to formal party organization, but later the faction led by Andrew Jackson would evolve into the Democratic Party, while the factions led by John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay would become the National Republican Party and later the Whig Party.

This election is notable for being the only time since the passage of the Twelfth Amendment in which the presidential election was decided by the House of Representatives, as no candidate received a majority of the electoral vote. This presidential election was also the only one in which the candidate receiving the most electoral votes did not become president (because a majority, not just a plurality, is required to win). It is also often said to be the first election in which the president did not win the popular vote, although the popular vote was not measured nationwide. At that time, several states did not conduct a popular vote, allowing their state legislature to choose their electors.1
1824 Election Facts
  • Adams is the son of 2nd President, John Adams
  • 1st election where popular vote retained for history; eventual winner Adams received only about 32%
  • No candidate received a majority of Electors, Adams elected by vote of House of Representatives
  • Delaware moves from 4 back to 3 votes; and has maintained that number to this day
  • Delaware Electors split their vote: 2 for Crawford, 1 for Adams
  • Illinois Electors split their vote: 2 for Jackson, 1 for Adams
  • Louisiana Electors split their vote: 3 for Jackson, 2 for Adams
  • Maryland Electors split their vote: 7 for Jackson, 3 for Adams, 1 for Crawford
  • New York Electors split their vote: 26 for Adams, 5 for Crawford, 4 for Clay, 1 for Jackson
  • Issues of the Day: Monroe Doctrine
1Source: Wikipedia


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